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sql_raw

BETA

This component is mostly stable but breaking changes could still be made outside of major version releases if a fundamental problem with the component is found.

Executes a select query and creates a message for each row received.

Introduced in version 4.10.0.

# Common config fields, showing default values
input:
label: ""
sql_raw:
driver: ""
dsn: ""
query: ""
args_mapping: ""

Once the rows from the query are exhausted this input shuts down, allowing the pipeline to gracefully terminate (or the next input in a sequence to execute).

Examples

Here we preform an aggregate over a list of names in a table that are less than 3600 seconds old.

input:
sql_raw:
driver: postgres
dsn: postgres://foouser:foopass@localhost:5432/testdb?sslmode=disable
query: "SELECT name, count(*) FROM person WHERE last_updated < $1 GROUP BY name;"
args_mapping: |
root = [
now().ts_unix() - 3600
]

Fields

driver

A database driver to use.

Type: string
Options: mysql, postgres, clickhouse, mssql, sqlite, oracle, snowflake.

dsn

A Data Source Name to identify the target database.

Drivers

The following is a list of supported drivers, their placeholder style, and their respective DSN formats:

DriverData Source Name Format
clickhouseclickhouse://[username[:password]@][netloc][:port]/dbname[?param1=value1&...&paramN=valueN]
mysql[username[:password]@][protocol[(address)]]/dbname[?param1=value1&...&paramN=valueN]
postgrespostgres://[user[:password]@][netloc][:port][/dbname][?param1=value1&...]
mssqlsqlserver://[user[:password]@][netloc][:port][?database=dbname&param1=value1&...]
sqlitefile:/path/to/filename.db[?param&=value1&...]
oracleoracle://[username[:password]@][netloc][:port]/service_name?server=server2&server=server3
snowflakeusername[:password]@account_identifier/dbname/schemaname[?param1=value&...&paramN=valueN]

Please note that the postgres driver enforces SSL by default, you can override this with the parameter sslmode=disable if required.

The snowflake driver supports multiple DSN formats. Please consult the docs for more details. For key pair authentication, the DSN has the following format: <snowflake_user>@<snowflake_account>/<db_name>/<schema_name>?warehouse=<warehouse>&role=<role>&authenticator=snowflake_jwt&privateKey=<base64_url_encoded_private_key>, where the value for the privateKey parameter can be constructed from an unencrypted RSA private key file rsa_key.p8 using openssl enc -d -base64 -in rsa_key.p8 | basenc --base64url -w0 (you can use gbasenc insted of basenc on OSX if you install coreutils via Homebrew). If you have a password-encrypted private key, you can decrypt it using openssl pkcs8 -in rsa_key_encrypted.p8 -out rsa_key.p8. Also, make sure fields such as the username are URL-encoded.

Type: string

# Examples

dsn: clickhouse://username:password@host1:9000,host2:9000/database?dial_timeout=200ms&max_execution_time=60

dsn: foouser:foopassword@tcp(localhost:3306)/foodb

dsn: postgres://foouser:foopass@localhost:5432/foodb?sslmode=disable

dsn: oracle://foouser:foopass@localhost:1521/service_name

query

The query to execute. The style of placeholder to use depends on the driver, some drivers require question marks (?) whereas others expect incrementing dollar signs ($1, $2, and so on). The style to use is outlined in this table:

DriverPlaceholder Style
clickhouseDollar sign
mysqlQuestion mark
postgresDollar sign
mssqlQuestion mark
sqliteQuestion mark
oracleColon
snowflakeQuestion mark

Type: string

# Examples

query: SELECT * FROM footable WHERE user_id = $1;

args_mapping

A Bloblang mapping which should evaluate to an array of values matching in size to the number of columns specified.

Type: string

# Examples

args_mapping: root = [ this.cat.meow, this.doc.woofs[0] ]

args_mapping: root = [ meta("user.id") ]

init_files

An optional list of file paths containing SQL statements to execute immediately upon the first connection to the target database. This is a useful way to initialise tables before processing data. Glob patterns are supported, including super globs (double star).

Care should be taken to ensure that the statements are idempotent, and therefore would not cause issues when run multiple times after service restarts. If both init_statement and init_files are specified the init_statement is executed after the init_files.

If a statement fails for any reason a warning log will be emitted but the operation of this component will not be stopped.

Type: array
Requires version 4.10.0 or newer

# Examples

init_files:
- ./init/*.sql

init_files:
- ./foo.sql
- ./bar.sql

init_statement

An optional SQL statement to execute immediately upon the first connection to the target database. This is a useful way to initialise tables before processing data. Care should be taken to ensure that the statement is idempotent, and therefore would not cause issues when run multiple times after service restarts.

If both init_statement and init_files are specified the init_statement is executed after the init_files.

If the statement fails for any reason a warning log will be emitted but the operation of this component will not be stopped.

Type: string
Requires version 4.10.0 or newer

# Examples

init_statement: |2
CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS some_table (
foo varchar(50) not null,
bar integer,
baz varchar(50),
primary key (foo)
) WITHOUT ROWID;

conn_max_idle_time

An optional maximum amount of time a connection may be idle. Expired connections may be closed lazily before reuse. If value <= 0, connections are not closed due to a connection's idle time.

Type: string

conn_max_life_time

An optional maximum amount of time a connection may be reused. Expired connections may be closed lazily before reuse. If value <= 0, connections are not closed due to a connection's age.

Type: string

conn_max_idle

An optional maximum number of connections in the idle connection pool. If conn_max_open is greater than 0 but less than the new conn_max_idle, then the new conn_max_idle will be reduced to match the conn_max_open limit. If value <= 0, no idle connections are retained. The default max idle connections is currently 2. This may change in a future release.

Type: int

conn_max_open

An optional maximum number of open connections to the database. If conn_max_idle is greater than 0 and the new conn_max_open is less than conn_max_idle, then conn_max_idle will be reduced to match the new conn_max_open limit. If value <= 0, then there is no limit on the number of open connections. The default is 0 (unlimited).

Type: int